In 2007, the Program for the Protection of Human Subjects was created. This is the umbrella name for the group that oversees research at The Mount Sinai Medical Center. The office had been called the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for many years, but with the expansion to five review boards (four general IRBs and one policy IRB), it was decided that the name was confusing. The original Institutional Review Board was designated in late 1985. It grew from the Research Administrative Committee, which itself had evolved from the Laboratory Research Administration Committee. This body, created in 1937, was a pioneer in the field of institutional oversight of research programs.

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